NAMES OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
Throughout the Bible, the Holy Spirit is called by a number of names which describe His character and ministry:
1. THE SPIRIT OF ADOPTION
''For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of son ship (or adoption). And by him we cry, 'Abba, Father '' Romans 8:15 (see also Galatians 4:6).
The very first work of the Holy Spirit in our lives is to give us spiritual "birth" into God's family (see John 3:3,5-8), and His continuing ministry in this capacity is to testify to our new relationship and help us grow in it.
"The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children" Romans 8:16.
2. THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH
''And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you for ever - the Spirit of truth . . . " John 14:16-17 (see also 16:13). One of the Spirit's ministries is to be a witness to the truth - that Jesus is the Son of God, that He came and died for mankind, that He is alive today, and that He brought "many sons to glory'' (Hebrews 2:10). Jesus called Him ''the Counselor" - the One who teaches and guides the believer, and it is the Spirit who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth'' 1 John 5:6.
3. THE SPIRIT OF GRACE
"How much more severely do you think a man deserves to be punished . . . who has insulted the Spirit of grace?" Hebrews 10:29. Grace is the God-given ability to do what we cannot do ourselves. We could not save ourselves, but God by His grace saved us. We could not live lives pleasing to God, but by His grace, through the Holy Spirit, God has made this possible. Through the grace of God's Holy Spirit, we receive salvation, forgiveness, a brand new life, and the ability to ''live by the Spirit'' (Galatians 5:16, 25). 4. THE SPIRIT OF POWER, LOVE AND SOUND MIND "For God hath not given us a spirit of fear; but of power, of love and of a sound mind.” 2 Timothy 1:7. Love, power and sound mind are three of the Spirit's main ministries to the believer:
5. THE SPIRIT OF HOLINESS
'' . . . who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord" Romans 1:4. God is a holy God, and as an expression of God's character, the Holy Spirit's ministry in our lives is to sponsor holiness and a pure heart before Him. The first step in His work was to make us righteous in God's sight (2 Corinthians 5:21; Ephesians 2:18), but His continuing ministry is to encourage us to walk daily in that righteousness.
6. THE SPIRIT OF GOD'S SON
"Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, 'Abba, Father' '' Galatians 4:6. The Holy Spirit is called in Philippians 1:19 "the Spirit of Jesus Christ"! The continuing work of the Holy Spirit in our lives is to renew our minds so that we think like Jesus (Romans 12:2; 1 Corinthians 2:16) - but His ultimate aim is that we might be completely conformed to the very likeness of Jesus (Romans 8:29; 2 Corinthians 3:18). '' . . . Having believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the promised Holy Spirit, who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God's possession..."Ephesians 1:13-14.